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Common Causes of Tooth Staining and Discoloration

Mother and daughter smilingThere are three main ways that your teeth can become stained or discolored. The discoloration can be caused by staining on the surface of the teeth, changes taking place inside the tooth, or because of the natural aging process.

Types of Tooth Staining and Discoloration

Below are the three types of staining and discoloration:

  • Extrinsic Staining – These types of stains are caused by outside agents and only exist on the surface of the tooth. Extrinsic stains are caused by coffee, chewing tobacco, red wines, dark sodas, or smoking cigarettes or cigars
  • Intrinsic Staining – This type of staining occurs when the inside layer of the tooth, known as dentin, begins to yellow and show through the enamel. Intrinsic stains are caused by:
    • Exposure to tetracycline antibiotics in early childhood
    • Trauma to the tooth during development
    • Too much fluoride in childhood
    • Suffering from dentiogenesis imperfecta
  • Age-Related Staining – Lastly, age-related stains will occur as the enamel begins to wear down over the years. This type of staining is both extrinsic and intrinsic.

Preventing Tooth Stains

The best way to avoid staining on the teeth is to practice good at-home oral hygiene. This includes brushing at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting Dr. Behnaz Raisdana every six months for a dental cleaning and a checkup. Additionally, if you consume any foods or beverages that can stain the teeth, we recommend brushing immediately afterward.

To make an appointment here at Auburn Family Dental, please call our Wichita, KS office today. We can’t wait to help you achieve the smile of your dreams!

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